Olaf Wieghorst

Olaf Carl Wieghorst was born to Karl and Anna Wieghorst on April 30, 1899, in the village of Viborg, Jutland, Denmark. Olaf's father was a display artist and a photo retoucher. Olaf's interest in horses came early as a result of his father's association with the Danish Dragoons and he began riding while still a baby. His interest in horses continued to expand and as a youth, he was a bare-back rider in the Schumann Circus and a stunt rider for the Great Northern Film Company. Olaf's boyhood dream was to be an American cowboy. The passion that Olaf Wieghorst developed for horses and cowboy life would be a source of lifelong inspiration and reflect in his art.

Olaf at age 10
(from Olaf Wieghorst Retrospective Exibition Cowboy Hall of Fame)
"Little Olaf - The Minature Acrobat"
(from William Reed Book)

Olaf's father Karl believed that one of the most important things if life was to keep physically fit. By the age of three, Olaf's father began training him intensively in acrobatic feats such as hand stands and the use of trapeze rings. In 1908 when Olaf was nine his father decided it was time for Olaf to make his professional debut as an acrobat. His first appearance was at the Tivoli Theater in Copenhagen where he was billed as "Little Olaf- The Miniature Acrobat." Olaf's father encourage him to take up painting and at the age of twelve he sold his first painting for two Danish crowns, about forty cents American.
While working on a stock farm, he learned horseback riding and horses became a major focus of his admiration and later his painting.

When Olaf was only nineteen years he applied for special permission to work aboard a Danish Steamer. The Danish Steamer the "United States" set sail from Copenhagen on December 14, 1918, for New York City. Olaf arrived in New York on December 31, 1918 and jumped ship. He had only $1.25 in his pocket and spoke no English. He had the address of his mother's sister Aunt Olga. Olaf spent the night, the next day, and part of the next night riding the subways looking for his Aunt's place. He finally found a soldier who spoke Danish. The soldier drew him a map with an explanation in Danish. His Uncle Alfred took him to Immigration on Ellis Island and arranged to have his nephew "legalized." Aunt Olga introduced Olaf to a young girl named Mabel Walters. Olaf was immediately smitten with her. They became good friend and Mabel undertook the task of teaching English to Olaf.

Making his dream of going west a reality, Wieghorst served in the 5th U.S. Cavalry on the Mexican border in the days of Poncho Villa. He later recalled a favorite horse from that period and said that riding through El Paso in 1921, the horse fell on Wieghorst's ankle and broke it. The outfit was heading to Douglas, Arizona, and not wanting to be left behind with his injury, he stayed on the horse, which carried him all the way through the New Mexico desert on one of the hottest days of the year. The horse died during the night, having expended all his energy on saving the young soldier. Wieghorst later wrote that when the Cavalry discarded the use of horses, "they took the soul out of that great branch of the service." ( from Widening Horizons)

After three years of service with the Fifth Cavalry along the Mexican border, Wieghorst was mustered out of the military in June of 1922, and pursued the life of a cowboy, during which he wandered extensively throughout the Southwest, sketching whenever he could.

Trooper Wieghorst on Mexican Border, 1919
(from William Reed Book)
Olaf in full cavalry uniform, 1919-1920
(from Olaf Wieghorst Retrospective Exibition Cowboy Hall of Fame)
Olaf at age 23, working on a ranch in Douglas Arizona
(from Olaf Wieghorst Retrospective Exibition Cowboy Hall of Fame)

In the fall of 1924, Olaf returned to New York and married Mabel Walters, whom he had met when he first arrived in the United States. He joined the Police Department and was sworn in on December 2, 1924. Because of his experience with horses be was assigned to the Remount Station, where he broke and trained young horses for the Mounted Division. For several years Patrolman Wieghorst was part of the Police Show Team and was the recipient of many blue ribbons and trophies, including some at the National Horse Show held in Madison Square Gardens. He patrolled the Central Park bridle paths on a horse named Rhombo. During his patrols he would stop runaway horses and help fallen riders.
Although the police department did not condone outside business activities for its patrolman, Olaf began selling his work through various outlets during the 1930s. He used a front man named Charlie Aldrich, an old cowboy who had worked for Will Rogers, and began selling drawing and etchings in the lobby of Madison Square Garden. He shared a display table with another painter, Pete Martinez.

From 1938 to 1942 Olaf's drawing and etchings were displayed at the Madison Square Garden Rodeo and in the Rodeo's Official Magazine.

"Olaf Wieghorst is among the best of our present Western artists who pictures the old and the new in it's ranch and Indian life, on the plains and mountains. As a youth he served on the Mexican border patrol with the 5th U. S. Cavalry, later working as cowboy and wild horse breaker on the Quarter Circle 2-C Ranch at Alma, New Mexico. In the Garden Lobby facing the Eighth Avenue entrance, much of his current work is hung, offered for public sale." (from 1938 Madison Square Garden Rodeo Magazine)

(Click on cover for a detailed view
and more images from the magazine.)

(Click on cover for a detailed view. There is a link to more Hoofs and Horns covers on the main web page.)

From 1938 to 1953, Olaf's art was featured on the covers of a Rodeo magazine published in Tucson Arizona titled "Hoofs and Horns." During the World War II years the drawings emphasized patriotism, supporting our soldiers, and the war effort. Shown here is a very detailed drawing of a cowboy carrying the American Flag, from the July, 1941 issue. The following was written about Olaf by Ethel A. (Ma) Hopkins. Editor of Hoofs and Horns Magazine:

"The artist who made the cover for this issue hails from New York City. Olaf Wieghorst made the dry point etching of which this picture is a reproduction. Back in the '20s Mr. Wieghorst was a member of the Border Patrol along the International Border between the United States and Mexico. Later he cowboyed in New Mexico and finally went East and is now a mounted policeman in Central Park."

During the 1940's and 1950's Olaf sold many of his paintings through the American Artist Company of New York to various calendar producers and other commercial publishers.
Many of these earlier works were characterized by vivid colors and a lot of action. Some publishers would commission a painting portraying a story for a particular western theme. Many calendars featured a single painting attributed to a well-recognized artist of the period with tear-off pages for each month. Most of the calendars featuring Olaf’s art were produced by the Thos D. Murphy Company and the Shaw-Barton company. Other calendar makers featuring his art included Louis F. Dow Company and the A. Scheer Company.

Much of the calendar art was also published as jigsaw puzzles. Jigsaw puzzles were a popular form of entertainment before the advent of the television, movies and other modern forms of distraction. Many companies were formed to take advantage of the demand for these puzzles. They called
upon the artists and illustrators of the day to provide subject matter for the puzzles. Popular puzzle makers featuring Olaf’s paintings were Tuco, Perfect Picture, Guild, Fine Arts, Blue Ribbon, Masterpiece, Whitman Publishing Company, and Walzer.

Many of Olaf’s early works were published in “ The Toronto Star Weekly”, later named “The
Star Weekly”. “The Star Weekly” began publication in April 1910 in Toronto, Canada. The publisher,
J.E. Atkinson, attempted to create a Canadian counterpart to the popular British type of Sunday Newspapers. “The Star Weekly” featured comic strips, good illustrations, cartoons, and art. Artists found in “The Star Weekly’s” pages included Arthur Lismer, Fred Varley, C.W. Jefferys, and Olaf Wieghorst. “The Star Weekly” ceased publication in 1973 due to competition from the more popular media of television. Mae kept a scrapbook of Olaf's works featured in calendars, puzzles, and magazines.

(Click on an image for more details.)

Olaf retired from the New York City Police Department in December, 1944, and once again headed west, with Mae and his son Roy. They settled in El Cajon California. Olaf lived in a ranch style house on Renette Avenue. The house was moved in October, 1999 and restored by the Olaf Wieghorst Museum Foundation and is located in downtown El Cajon on Rea Avenue.
After retiring and moving to El Cajon Olaf settled down to paint, steadily gaining recognition for his classic cowboy and Indian subjects and became a master painter of the western scene. Arizona Highways devoted its March, 1971, issue to "The Southwest of Olaf Wieghorst", and repeated the honor again in 1974. A retrospective of Wieghorst's work was presented at the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum in 1974-75.

Olaf and Mae at their Renette Ave. home in the 50's
(from Olaf Wieghorst Museum Roundup Magazine)
Olaf and Spooks III
(photo by Roy Wieghorst)

Olaf was honored at the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City on November 15, 1974 for his contribution to Western Art. A display was presented at the Hall of Fame with more than fifty of his oil paintings.
Unlike other contemporary western artists, Mr. Wieghorst actually lived the scenes he renders with such insight. Cowboy, horse cavalryman, ranch hand and friend of the Indians, he roamed the West during its transition from open range to the modern world. He knows, first hand, the sights and people that are brought to life with such a graceful blend of impressionistic skill and authenticity.
Recognized as the "Dean of Western Painters", Wieghorst's work is often compared with that of Remington and Russell, and his paintings hang in the great public and private collections of western art.


Presented By
Spidy Quality Publishing
Publishers of
"A Collectors Guide to the
Prints of Olaf Wieghorst"


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